Systems of Linear Equations and Word Problems

This section covers:

(Note that we solve systems using matrices in the Matrices and Solving Systems with Matrices section here.)

Introduction to Systems

“Systems of equations” just means that we are dealing with more than one equation and variable.  So far, we’ve basically just played around with the equation for a line, which is y = mx + b.

But let’s say we have the following situation.  You’re going to the mall with your friends and you have $200 to spend from your recent birthday money. You discover a store that has all jeans for $25 and all dresses for $50.  You really, really want to take home 6 items of clothing because you “need” that many new things.

Wouldn’t it be clever to find out how many pairs of jeans and how many dresses you can buy so you use the whole $200 (tax not included – your parents promised to pay the tax)?

Now, you can always do “guess and check” to see what would work, but you might as well use algebra!   It’s much better to learn the algebra way, because even though this problem is fairly simple to solve, the algebra way will let you solve any algebra problem – even the really complicated ones.

The first trick in problems like this is to figure out what we want to know.  This will help us decide what variables (unknowns) to use.  So what we want to know is how many pairs of jeans we want to buy (let’s say “j”) and how many dresses we want to buy (let’s say “d”).  So always write down what your variables will be:

  Let j = the number of jeans you will buy

Let d = the number of dresses you’ll buy

Like we did before, let’s translate word-for-word from math to English.  Always write down what your variables are in the following way:

English to Math Systems

Now we have the 2 equations as shown below.  Notice that the j variable is just like the x variable and the d variable is just like the y.  It’s easier to put in j and d so we can remember what they stand for when we get the answers.

This is what we call a system, since we have to solve for more than one variable – we have to solve for 2 here.  The cool thing is to solve for 2 variables, you typically need 2 equations, to solve for 3 variables, you need 3 equations, and so on.  That’s easy to remember, right?

We need to get an answer that works in both equations; this is what we’re doing when we’re solving; this is called solving simultaneous systems, or solving system simultaneously.

There are several ways to solve systems; we’ll talk about graphing first.

Solving Systems by Graphing

Remember that when you graph a line, you see all the different coordinates (or x/y combinations) that make the equation work.  In systems, you have to make both equations work, so the intersection of the two lines shows the point that fits both equations (assuming the lines do in fact intersect; we’ll talk about that later).  So the points of intersections satisfy both equations simultaneously. 

We’ll need to put these equations into the y = mx + b (d = mj + b) format, by solving for the d (which is like the y):

Now let’s graph:

Graphing to Get Solutions for Systems

We can see the two graphs intercept at the point (4, 2).  This means that the numbers that work for both equations is 4 pairs of jeans and 2 dresses!

Graphing Calculator

We can also use our graphing calculator to solve the systems of equations:

Graphing Calculator to get Systems Solution(Note that with non-linear equations, there will most likely be more than one intersection; an example of how to get more than one solution via the Graphing Calculator can be found in the Exponents and Radicals in Algebra section.)

Solving Systems with Substitution

Substitution is the favorite way to solve for many students!  It involves exactly what it says: substituting one variable in another equation so that you only have one variable in that equation.  So below are our two equations, and let’s solve for “d” in terms of “j” in the first equation.  Then, let’s substitute what we got for “d” into the next equation.

Even though it doesn’t matter which equation you start with, remember to always pick the “easiest” equation first (one that we can easily solve for a variable) to get a variable by itself.

Solving Linear Systems by Substitution

So we could buy 4 pairs of jeans and 2 dresses.

Note that we could have also solved for “j” first; it really doesn’t matter.  You’ll want to pick the variable that’s most easily solved for.

Let’s try another substitution problem that’s a little bit different:

Solving by Substitution Two

Solving Systems with Linear Combination or Elimination

Probably the most useful way to solve systems is using linear combination, or linear elimination.   The reason it’s most useful is that usually in real life we don’t have one variable in terms of another (in other words, a “y =” situation).

The main purpose of the linear combination method is to add or subtract the equations so that one variable is eliminated.  Now let’s see why we can add, subtract, or multiply both sides of equations by the same numbers – let’s use real numbers as shown below.  Remember these are because of the Additive Property of Equality, Subtraction Property of Equality, Multiplicative Property of Equality, and Division Property of Equality:

So now if we have a set of 2 equations with 2 unknowns, we can manipulate them by adding, multiplying or subtracting (we usually prefer adding) so that we get one equation with one variable.  For, example, let’s use our previous problem:

Linear Elimination or Combination Example

So we could buy 4 pairs of jeans and 2 dresses.

Here’s another example:

Linear Elimination or Combination Example 2

Types of equations

In the example above, we found one unique solution to the set of equations.  Sometimes, however, there are no solutions (when lines are parallel) or an infinite number of solutions (when the two lines are actually the same line, and one is just a “multiple” of the other) to a set of equations.

When there is at least one solution, the equations are consistent equations, since they have a solution.  When there is only one solution, the system is called independent, since they cross at only one point.  When equations have infinite solutions, they are the same equation, are consistent, and are called dependent or coincident (think of one just sitting on top of the other).

When equations have no solutions, they are called inconsistent equations, since we can never get a solution

Here are graphs of inconsistent and dependent equations that were created on the graphing calculator:

Inconsistent Equations Dependent Equations Consistent Equations

Systems with Three Equations

Let’s get a little more complicated with systems; in real life, we rarely just have two unknowns with two equations.

So let’s say at the same store, they also had pairs of shoes for $20 and we managed to get $60 more from our parents since our parents are so great!

Now we have a new problem: to spend the even $260, how many pairs of jeans, dresses, and pairs of shoes should we get if want say exactly 10 total items?

Let’s let j = the number of pair of jeans, d = the number of dresses, and s = the number of pairs of shoes we should buy.

So far we’ll have the following equations:

We’ll need another equation, since for three variables, we need three equations (otherwise, we’d theoretically have infinite ways to solve the problem).  In this type of problem, you would also have/need something like this:  we want twice as many pairs of jeans as pairs of shoes.  Now, since we have the same number of equations as variables, we can potentially get one solution for the system.

So, again, now we have three equations and three unknowns (variables).  We’ll learn later how to put these in our calculator to easily solve using matrices (see the Matrices and Solving Systems with Matrices section) , but for now we need to first use two of the equations to eliminate one of the variables, and then use two other equations to eliminate the same variable:

Now this gets more difficult to solve, but remember that in “real life”, there are computers to do all this work!

The trick to do these problems “by hand” is to keep working on the equations using either substitution or elimination until we get the answers.

Remember again, that if we ever get to a point where we end up with something like this, it means there are an infinite number of solutions:

     4 = 4     (variables are gone and a number equals another number and they are the same)

And if we up with something like this, it means there are no solutions:

     5 = 2     (variables are gone and two numbers are left and they don’t equal each other)

So let’s go for it and solve   :

Linear Elimination Three Variables

So we could buy 6 pairs of jeans, 1 dress, and 3 pairs of shoes.

Here’s one more example of a three variable system of equations, where we’ll only use linear elimination:

Linear Combination Three Equations

I know – this is really difficult stuff!  But if you do it step-by-step and keep using the equations you need with the right variables, you can do it.  Think of it like a puzzle – you may not know exactly where you’re going, but do what you can in baby steps, and you’ll get there (sort of like life!).

And we’ll learn much easier ways to do these types of problems.

Also – note that equations with three variables are represented by planes, not lines (you’ll learn about this in Geometry).  They could have 1 solution (if all the planes crossed in only one point), no solution (if say two of them were parallel), or an infinite number of solutions (say if two or three of them crossed in a line).  OK, enough Geometry for now!

Algebra Word Problems with Systems

Let’s do more word problems; you’ll notice that many of these are the same type that we did earlier in the Algebra Word Problems section, but now we can use more than one variable.  This will actually make the problems easier!

Again, when doing these word problems:

  • If you’re wondering what the variable (or unknown) should be when working on a word problem, look at what the problem is asking.  This is usually what your variable is!
  • If you’re not sure how to set up the equations, use regular numbers (simple ones!) and see what you’re doing.  Then put the variables back in!

Investment Word Problem:

Suppose Lindsay’s mom invests $10000, part at 3%, and the rest at 2.5%, in interest bearing accounts.   The totally yearly investment income (interest) is $283.  How much did Lindsay’s mom invest at each rate?

Solution:

So we always have to define a variable, and we can look at what they are asking.   Since we’ve learned about systems, let’s use two variables:   let x = the amount of money invested at 3%, and y = the amount of money invested at 2.5%.

Remember that the yearly investment income or interest is the amount that we get from the yearly percentages.  (This is the amount of money that the bank gives us for keeping our money there.)  To get the interest, we have to multiply each percentage by the amount invested at that rate.  We can add these amounts up to get the total interest.

So we have two equations and two unknowns.  We know that the total amount (x + y) must equal 10000, and we also know that the interest (.03x + .025y) must equal 283:

Systems of Equations Investment Word Problem

We also could have set up this problem with a table:

Investment Word Problem Table

Mixture Word Problems:

Two types of milk, one that has 1% butterfat, and the other that has 3.5% of butterfat, are mixed.  How many liters of these two different kinds of milk are to be mixed together to produce 10 liters of low-fat milk, which has 2% butterfat?

Solution:

(Note that we did a similar mixture problem using only one variable here in the Algebra Word Problems section.)

Let’s first define two variables for the number of liters of each type of milk.  Let x = the number of liters of the 1% milk, and y = the number of liters of the 3.5% milk.  Let’s use a table again:

Systems of Equations Mixture Table

We can also set up mixture problems with the type of figure below.  We add up the terms inside the box, and then multiply the amounts in the boxes by the percentages above the boxes, and then add across.  This will give us the two equations.

System of Equations Mixture Problem with Boxes

Now let’s do the math!
Systems of Equations Mixture Problem

Mixture Word Problem with Money:

A store sells two different types of coffee beans; the more expensive one sells for $8 per pound, and the cheaper one sells for $4 per pound.   The beans are mixed to provide a mixture of 50 pounds that sells for $6.40 per pound.    How much of each type of coffee bean should be used to create 50 pounds of the mixture?

Solution:

Let’s first define two variables for the number of pounds of each type of coffee bean.   Let x = the number of pounds of the $8 coffee, and y = the number of pounds of the $4 coffee.  Let’s use a table again:

Money Mixture Problem

Distance Word Problem:

Lia walks to the mall from her house at 5 mph.  10 minutes later, Lia’s sister Megan starts riding her bike at 15 mph (from the same house) to the mall to meet Lia.  They arrive at the mall the same time.  How far is the mall from the sisters’ house?  How long did it take Megan to get there?

Solution:

OK, this is another tough one.  Remember always that distance = rate x time.  It’s difficult to know how to define the variables, but usually in these types of distance problems, we want to set the variables to time, since we have rates, and we’ll want to set distances equal to each other (the house is always the same distance from the mall).

Let’s let L equal the how long (in hours) it will take Lia to get to the mall, and equal to how long (in hours) it will take Megan to get to the mall.  (Sometimes we’ll need to add the distances together instead of setting them equal to each other.)

We must use the distance formula for each of them separately, and then we can set their distances equal, since they are both traveling the same distance (house to mall).

Let’s draw a picture and work the problem:

Systems of Equations Distance Problem

Note that there’s an example of a Parametric Distance Problem here in the Parametric Equations section.

Which Plumber Problem:

Many word problems you’ll have to solve have to do with an initial charge or setup charge, and a charge or rate per time period.  In these cases, the initial charge will be the y-intercept, and the rate will be the slope.  Here is an example:

Michaela’s mom is trying to decide between two plumber companies to fix her sink.  The first company charges $50 for a service call, plus an additional $36 per hour for labor.  The second company charges $35 for a service call, plus an additional $39 per hour of labor. At how many hours will the two companies charge the same amount of money?

In these cases, the money spent depends on the plumber’s set up charge and number of hours, so let y = total cost of the plumber, and x = number of hours of labor.  And again, set up charges are typical yintercepts, and rates per hour are slopes.

Solution:

To get the number of hours when the two companies charge the same amount of money, we just put the two y’s together and solve for x (substitution, right?):

Plumber Problem

Geometry Word Problem:

Many times we’ll have a geometry problem as an algebra word problem; these might involve perimeter, area, or sometimes angle measurements (so don’t forget these things!).  Let’s do one involving angle measurements.

Two angles are supplementary.  The measure of one angle is 30 degrees smaller than twice the other.  Find the measure of each angle.

Solution:

We have to know that two angles are supplementary if their angle measurements add up to 180 degrees (and remember also that two angles are complementary if their angle measurements add up to 90 degrees, in case you see that).

Let’s define the variables and turn English into Math.  Let x = the first angle, and y = the second angle; we really don’t need to worry at this point about which angle is bigger; the math will take care of itself.

Then we know that x plus y must equal 180 degrees by definition, and also x = 2y – 30. (Remember the English-to-Math chart?)  Let’s solve:

Systems of Equations Geometry Word ProblemSee – these are getting easier!  

Here’s one that’s a little tricky though:

Work Problem

8 women and 12 girls can paint a large mural in 10 hours.  6 women and 8 girls can paint it in 14 hours.  Find the time to paint the mural, by 1 woman alone, and 1 girl alone.

Solution:

(This is a “work problem” that is typically seen when studying Rational Equations – fraction with variables in them –  and can be found here in the Rational Expressions and Functions section.)   But let’s solve it with using systems.  (There’s also a simpler version of this problem here in the Direct, Inverse, Joint and Combined Variation section).

Let’s let w = the part of the job by 1 woman in 1 hour, and g = the part of the job by 1 girl in 1 hour.  Let’s set up and solve:

Work Problems with SystemsLet’s do one more with three equations and three unknowns:

Three Variable Word Problem:

A florist is making 5 identical bridesmaid bouquets for a wedding.  She has $610 to spend (including tax) and wants 24 flowers for each bouquet.  Roses cost $6 each, tulips cost $4 each, and lilies cost $3 each.  She wants to have twice as many roses as the other 2 flowers combined in each bouquet.  How many roses, tulips, and lilies are in each bouquet?

Solution:

Let’s look at the question that is being asked and define our variables:  Let r  = the number of roses, t  = the number of tulips, and l  = the number of lilies.  So let’s put the money terms together, and also the counting terms together:


Now let’s do the math:

Systems of Equations Three Equations

The “Candy” Problem

Sometimes we get lucky and can solve a system of equations where we have more unknowns (variables) then equations.   (Actually, I think it’s not so much luck, but having good problem writers!)    Here’s one like that:

Sarah buys 2 lb of jelly beans and 4 lb of chocolates for $4.00.  She then buys 1 lb of jelly beans and 4 lbs of caramels for $3.00.  She also buys 1 lb of jelly beans, 3 lbs of licorice and 1 lb of caramels for $1.50.   How much will it cost to buy 1 lb of each of the four candies?

Solution:

Let’s look at the question that is being asked and define our variables:  Let j = the cost of 1 lb of jelly beans, o = the cost of 1 lb of chocolates, l = the cost of 1 lb of licorice, and c = the cost of 1 lb of caramels.  So we have this system of equations:

Candy Problem

Now let’s try to do the math:

Candy Problem Math

You can find a Right Triangle Trigonometry systems problem here in the Right Triangle Trigonometry section.

Understand these problems, and practice, practice, practice!


Click on Submit (the arrow to the right of the problem) to solve this problem. You can also type in more problems, or click on the 3 dots in the upper right hand corner to drill down for example problems.

If you click on “Tap to view steps”, you will go to the Mathway site, where you can register for the full version (steps included) of the software.  You can even get math worksheets.

You can also go to the Mathway site here, where you can register, or just use the software for free without the detailed solutions.  There is even a Mathway App for your mobile device.  Enjoy!

On to Algebraic Functions – you’re ready! 

169 thoughts on “Systems of Linear Equations and Word Problems

  1. Can you help me with this word problem? Thanks in advance!
    A tobacconist wishes to blend two grades of tobacco costing 8 cents an ounce and 10 cents an ounce respectively, and to sell the mixture at 12 cents an ounce with a profit of 25 per cent of the cost. how many ounces of each kind must he use to the pound?

  2. Hi can u please help me with this world problem?
    In 2009, there was a combined total of 4,046 Gap and Aeropostale clothing stores worldwide. The number of Gap stores was 3 1/4 times more than the number of Aeropostale stores. How many Gap stores and how many Aeropostale stores were there that year?
    Plz help?? Thank you so much if u can.

    • Thanks for writing! Here’s how I’d do this problem: G + A = 4046, and G = 3.25A. Solve by substitution to get 3.25A + A = 4046, or 4.25A = 4046. So A = 952. Then G = 952*3.25 = 3094. Check the answer and it works! Does that make sense? Lisa

  3. Can you please give me 1 easy, average and difficult word problems, the answers should be prices of fruits? Please, I need this for a project.

    • Here’s a problem with fruit – let me know if it’s easy, average, or difficult, and I can think of more?
      Lisa bought 19 pieces of fruit that consist of apples, bananas, and pears. She bought twice as many apples as bananas. Apples cost $.75 each, bananas $.25 each and pears $1.50 each. The 11 pieces of fruit cost Lisa $14.75. How many of each type of fruit did Lisa buy?

  4. PLEASE HELP ME WITH THIS PROBLEM!!!!!!
    You purchased T-shirts and sweatshirts for the math club at your school. T-shirts cost $12 each, and sweatshirts cost $20 each. You order 6 more T-shirts than sweatshirts. The total cost is $296. How many T-shirts did you order?

    • Thanks for writing. Here’s how I’d do this problem using a system (t = number of t-shirts, s = number of sweatshirts): 12t + 20s = 296, t = 6 + s. Substituting and solving, we get s = 7 and t = 13. So ordered 13 t-shirts. Does that make sense? Lisa (if not sure about the equations, put real numbers in and see how it works)

  5. Please help!

    Ralph invests $15,600 into two different accounts; a savings account and checking account. The savings account earns 8% interest and the checking earns 9%. After 1 year he has earned $1334.28 interest. How much did Ralph invest into each account?

    • ance Armstrong can ride 162 miles on flat ground in 6 hours with a good breeze at his back. It takes him 10 hours to go 90 miles with the same breeze working against him. How fast is Lance going on a bike and how fast is the wind speed?

      • Thanks for writing; here’s how I’d do this problem: Since Distance/Time = Rate, we have the Rate of Lance going with the wind (Bike + Wind) = 162/6 = 27mph. Similarly, against the wind (Bike – Wind) he goes 90/10 mph. So we can set up a system: B + W = 27, and B – W = 9. Solving, we get B (Lance on a bike) = 18 and W (speed of wind) = 9. Does that make sense? Lisa

    • Thanks for writing. Here’s how I’d do this problem: .08s + .09c = 1334.28, s + c = 15600. You can use substitution or even matrices to solve to get s = $6972 and c = $8628. Does that make sense? Lisa

  6. Suppose you are buying two kinds of notebooks for school. A spiral notebook costs $2,
    and a three-ring notebook costs $5. You must have at least 6 notebooks. The cost of the
    notebooks can be no more than $20.

    • 2s + 5t less than or equal to 20, and s + t greater than or equal to 6. I would graph this to get the following (spiral, three-ring) points that would work (look in shaded regions of inequalities): (6,0), (7,0), (8,0), (9,0), (10,0), (5,1), (6,1), (7,1), (4,2), (5,2). Does that make sense? Lisa

  7. 2. Eric has 130 coins consisting of nickels and quarters. The coins combined value comes to $15.90. Find out how many of each coin Eric has.

    Thank You So Much!!

  8. Hi! Can you give me an 2 examples of Word problems about distance (not airplane word problems please hehe). Systems of linear equations should be used in the solution. Thank you very much!!

  9. I need help with this problem and it’s the last one! The sum of the ages of three children, Dante, Pedro, and Sue, is 27. The sum of Pedro’s and Sue’s ages is twice Dante’s age. Four times the sum of Pedro’s and Dante’s age is equal to five times Sue’s age. How old is each child? Please help I have gotten: d=Dante, p=Pedro, and s=Sue; d+p+s=27 and 2p+2s=d.

    • Here’s how I’d do this problem: d + p + s = 27; p + s = 2d; 4(p + d) = 5s. Then you can solve the linear system to get d = 9, p = 6, and s = 12. Does that makes sense? Lisa

  10. Tammy will rent a car for the weekend. She can choose one of two plans. The first plan has an initial fee of
    $50
    and costs an additional
    $0.50
    per mile driven. The second plan has no initial fee but costs
    $0.70
    per mile driven.

    • The way I’d set up these situations is the following: Plan 1: y = .5x + 50, Plan 2: y = .7x I’m not sure what you want to solve here – is there more of the problem? Lisa

  11. This did not help at all. I am looking for a word problem on linear inequalities. This is what I have: Lashonda buys candy that costs $8 per pound. She will buy less than 6 pounds of candy. What are the possible amounts she will spend on candy?

    Use c for the amount (in dollars) Lashonda will spend on candy.
    Write your answer as an inequality solved for c.

    • Thanks for writing! Since Lashonda buys less than 6 pounds of candy, she can spend anywhere from 0 < c < 48. Does that make sense? Lisa

  12. Can you help me solve this…
    Mr Paul works in a music shop in Navua. Over the last three weeks there has been a sale, and
    music CDs in the Jumbo bin have been sold for $10, $15 or $20. One of Mr Jone’s customers
    bought a total of six CDs. The total cost for buying the six CDs was $85. The combined
    number of $15 and $20 CDs that the customer bought was twice as many as the number of
    $10 CDs that he bought.
    a) Set up the system of equations.

    • Here’s how I would set this up: x + y + z = 6, 10x + 15y + 20z = 85, y + z = 2x. I get 2 $10 CDs, 3 $15 CDs and 1 $20 CD. Does that make sense? Lisa

  13. Urgent for tonight.

    Rachel is going to candy store with $20. She must buy at least 3 pounds of gummy bears, at $1.50 per pound and no more than 4 pounds of swedish fish at $2 per pound. Find 2 possible combinations of candy amounts she can buy by writing a system of inequalities and graphing them below.

    • Thanks for writing – here’s how I’d do this problem (x = pounds of gummy bears, y = pounds of swedish fish): x >= 3, 0 < y <= 4, 1.5x + 2y <= 20. When I graph all 3 equations, I get 2 solutions are x = 4, y = 2 and x = 5, y = 1. Does that make sense? Lisa

  14. I used your problems as examples with 3 unknowns, but I still cannot get my problems set up correctly. Can you help? “Ron attends a party. He wants to limit his food intake to 157 g protein, 137 g fat, and 177g carbohydrates. The hostess said that with the 3 items served they have the following: Mushrooms have 3 g protein, 5 g fat and 9 g carbohydrates, Meatballs have 14 g protein, 7 g fat, and 15 g carbohydrates and deviled eggs have 13 g protein, 15 g fat and 6 g carbohydrates. How many of each item can Ron eat to maintain his goal.”

    • Thanks for writing! Here’s how I’d do this problem: x = mushrooms, y = meatballs, and z = deviled eggs. Then you’d have 3x + 14y + 13z = 157, 5x + 7y + 15z = 137, 9x + 15y + 6z = 177 (set up an equation for protein, fat, and carbohydrates). We can put this in a matrix and solve – I get 7 mushrooms, 6 meatballs, and 4 deviled eggs. Does that make sense? Lisa

  15. Can you help me with this inequality problem? At a store there are two types of calculators in stock, graphing and scientific. Let x represent graphing calculators and y scientific calculators. If scientific calculators cost 20 dollars each, and graphing 80 each, and the store has 3000 dollars worth of calculators in stock, write an inequality that represents how many graphing calculators are in stock and how many scientific calculators are in stock. (And then the problem asks for the inequality to be drawn as a line in a graph.

  16. There are a lot of comments in this section. I read most of them. Forgive me if someone already pointed this out.

    The solution to the Candy Store problem is mathematically sound but has a logic fault.

    How can the Licorice “cost” negative $.50 per lb?

    • Hi Corey,
      THANK YOU so much for finding this problem – please let me know if you see anything else. I think I’ve fixed it 😉 Lisa

  17. help me with this A store sells all jeans for $25, all dresses for $50 and all shoes for $20. You have $260 to spend and you want twice as many pairs of jeans as pairs of shoes. Find out how many pairs of jeans, dresses, and pairs of shoes you should get if you want exactly 10 total items?

    • Here’s how I’d do this problem: 25j + 50d + 20s = 260, j + d + s = 10, 2s = j. You can solve using substitution, linear elimination, or matrices; I get j = 6, d = 1, and s = 3. Does that make sense? Lisa

  18. Please need assistance with this question: keep getting the incorrect answer below

    A local hamburger shop sold a combined total of
    708
    hamburgers and cheeseburgers on Monday. There were
    58
    more cheeseburgers sold than hamburgers. How many hamburgers were sold on Monday?

    • Here’s how I’d do this problem: x + y = 708. x + 58 = y. Solving, we get the numbers of hamburgers sold on Monday were 325 and numbers of cheeseburgers were 383. Does that make sense? Lisa

  19. I really need some help with my college math equation:
    Over the last three evenings, Kaitlin received a total of
    119
    phone calls at the call center. The second evening, she received
    9
    more calls than the first evening. The third evening, she received
    3
    times as many calls as the first evening. How many phone calls did she receive each evening?

    • Here’s how I’d do this problem: x + y + z = 119; y = x + 9; z = 3x. This is a system with 3 variables and 3 unknowns; you can substitute to get x + x + 9 + 3x = 119; 5x = 110; x = 22. So she received 22 calls the first evening, 31 calls the second evening, and 66 calls the third. Does that make sense? Lisa

  20. Hi , Can you please give me 5 examples of Word problems application in Linear inequalities in one variable and please with there solution and illustration . Thank you so much

  21. I am stuck on setting up a system of equations for the following problem:
    Robert likes to go to the arcade. Tickets are awarded in different ways for his favorite games.
    Game #1 – 2 tickets per game PLUS 1 ticket for every 60 points scored
    Game #2 – 1 ticket for every point scored
    The ticket dispenser awards the customer tickets based on the point total.
    For each game, x represents the # of points scored & y represents the # of tickets awarded.
    I think my equation for Game 2 would be y=40x but Game 1??? If I could get 2 equations, I think I could solve it from there…

  22. Hey! Can you do an age problem involving systems of linear equation.. I really need it for my project tommorrow so i hope i can have it now.. Thank you

  23. help me with this problem:
    24x^2+25x-47whole divided by ax-2=-8x-3-53/ax-2.divide ax-2 only for -53
    help me with the answer..Thank you

  24. a fashion designer buys 90m of materials to make dresses for both adult and children.she uses 1m of material for a child’s dresses and 3m for an adult dress.it takes 75minutes to complete a child’s dress and 2hours to complete an adult’s dress.she uses at most 80hours to make X dresses for children and Y dresses for adult .calculate? 1.write down two inequalities involving X and Y and illustrate them on the graph?(2)if she makes a profit of each adult’s dress and #14.50 in each adult dress,find how many of each and of dress she should sew in order to make the greatest profit.find the maximum profit in #513.5

    • Here’s how I’d set this up:
      1x + 3y <= 90, 1.25x + 2y <= 80 I don't quite understand your profit numbers, but it would Max ?x + 14.5y Does that make sense? Lisa

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